David Koonar https://davidkoonar.ca David Koonar Thu, 07 Feb 2019 15:16:25 +0000 en-CA hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.2 https://davidkoonar.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/cropped-Icon-32x32.png David Koonar https://davidkoonar.ca 32 32 What is Shutter Speed and Aperture in Digital Photography? https://davidkoonar.ca/what-is-shutter-speed-and-aperture-in-digital-photography/ https://davidkoonar.ca/what-is-shutter-speed-and-aperture-in-digital-photography/#respond Fri, 01 Mar 2019 14:11:11 +0000 https://davidkoonar.ca/?p=14 Camera exposure has three pillars – ISO, shutter speed, and aperture. The amount of light entering the camera is contingent upon one of these pillars. Shutter Speed Shutter speed creates dramatic effects by either blurring motion or freezing action and can change the brightness of your photo. It exists because of the camera shutter, which […]

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Camera exposure has three pillars – ISO, shutter speed, and aperture. The amount of light entering the camera is contingent upon one of these pillars.

Shutter Speed

Shutter speed creates dramatic effects by either blurring motion or freezing action and can change the brightness of your photo. It exists because of the camera shutter, which is like a curtain in front of the sensor of the camera that stays down until the camera fires. When this happens, the shutter opens, and the camera sensor becomes fully exposed to the light that has passed through the lens. The shutter closes right after the sensor is done collecting the light, stopping the light from entering the sensor.

Shutter speed is the period of time the camera shutter remains open, exposing the sensor to the light. It’s how long you spend taking a picture. When the shutter speed is long, the sensor is exposed for a lengthy period of time. Motion blur is the first significant effect of shutter speed. Moving subjects in the image will look blurred along the direction of motion if your shutter speed is long.

This effect is popular in bike or car commercials, where the viewer experiences a sense of speed and motion due to the intentional blurring of the vehicle’s wheels.

If you’re taking pictures in the daytime, you will typically use very short shutter speeds. At night, the speed will be much longer – more than a second compared to milliseconds. The camera needs more time to get light for proper exposure because it’s dark.

Aperture

The aperture is an opening letting light into the camera through the lens. Its size determines how much light is let in. The depth of field is also affected.

Essentially, the aperture is an opening in the diaphragm of the lens, through which light passes. It is calibrated in f/stops. Lower f/stop values allow for more exposure because they represent bigger apertures, while higher ones provide less exposure, due to the smaller apertures. This seems somewhat contradictory at the beginning. As you take pictures at different f/stops, it will start making sense.

Aperture Priority, which serves to maximize exposure, is set differently depending on your camera model and brand. This is an essential setting to master because you need maximum exposure in certain conditions, such as low light, bad weather, and nighttime. Check your manual to see how to adjust the settings.

Generally, there is little difference between how you will use the aperture during the day and at night. A small aperture will require very long shutter speeds most of the time because the camera struggles to gather enough light for proper exposure

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How to Take Good Photos at Night? Guide to Night Photography https://davidkoonar.ca/how-to-take-good-photos-at-night-guide-to-night-photography/ https://davidkoonar.ca/how-to-take-good-photos-at-night-guide-to-night-photography/#respond Thu, 07 Feb 2019 06:41:02 +0000 https://davidkoonar.ca/?p=11 Even a lay photographer knows the value of night photography. Buildings that are usually dull and mundane can appear extraordinary at night. The actual photography is the tricky part for novices. Even experienced photographers may wonder how to get the right focus and proper exposure in the dark. In a way, photographing in daytime is […]

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Even a lay photographer knows the value of night photography. Buildings that are usually dull and mundane can appear extraordinary at night. The actual photography is the tricky part for novices. Even experienced photographers may wonder how to get the right focus and proper exposure in the dark. In a way, photographing in daytime is more challenging than at night.

What Do I Need?

You will not need much in terms of extra equipment – only a tripod and a standard camera and lens. As it’s dark, your camera will require a long shutter speed to get enough light for the right amount of exposure. You need a tripod to hold your camera steadily.

You could also benefit from a remote shutter release. Corded ones can cost as little as a few dollars. If you want extra features, you could go for an intervalometer, but it’s not necessary for standard nighttime photography.

If you find yourself without a remote for whatever reason, you can use your camera’s timer to take photos, so you don’t touch it during the exposure.

You might also need a lens hood, a flashlight, and some extra batteries. A lens hood will bring flares down to a minimum. This is important because, at night, you will have street lights, neon lights, and other bright lights coming at you from different directions.

A flashlight will come in handy in many ways. If you don’t know your controls by heart, it will help you find them. It will help you find things in your camera bag. It will also help you set up your tripod and work with attachments.

Long exposures during nighttime photography will drain your camera battery fast. Cold weather is an exacerbating factor. Night photography always calls for extra batteries. We strongly recommend these because a dead battery means no more photos that night!

We also recommend getting some apps to help you see the stars, the moon, and the Milky Way (if visible). These can prove indispensable if you want to capture the night sky. You can’t rely on good weather all the time, especially in some parts of the world.

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Where to Take Beautiful Pictures in Ontario, Canada? https://davidkoonar.ca/where-to-take-beautiful-pictures-in-ontario-canada/ https://davidkoonar.ca/where-to-take-beautiful-pictures-in-ontario-canada/#respond Tue, 06 Feb 2018 11:12:24 +0000 https://davidkoonar.ca/?p=17 Ontario is the second-biggest and most heavily populated Canadian province, and when it comes to beautiful spots, there’s plenty to choose from. There are lots of lakes, waterfalls, wilderness, rock formations, and more. When seeking picturesque locations, why not start with Bruce Peninsula National Park? This gorgeous, verdant area is located between the Georgian Bay […]

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Ontario is the second-biggest and most heavily populated Canadian province, and when it comes to beautiful spots, there’s plenty to choose from. There are lots of lakes, waterfalls, wilderness, rock formations, and more.

When seeking picturesque locations, why not start with Bruce Peninsula National Park? This gorgeous, verdant area is located between the Georgian Bay and Lake Huron. It offers fabulous views, cliffs, rock formations, and crystal clear waters. Part of the Bruce Trail (one of the longest in the world with a length of almost 800 km) runs through the park.

North of the park, you will find the charming Flowerpot Island, which is part of Fathom Five National Marine Park. Its name comes from two rock pillars located to the east. The island can be reached by boat. There are hiking trails here too.

No list of beautiful scenery in Canada, or the world for that matter, would be complete without Niagara Falls. The best views are from the Canadian and not the US side. However, be warned that photographing the waterfalls can be quite hard because of all the spray and because the observation areas get quite crowded.

At the north end of the Georgian Bay, you will find Killarney Provincial Park. This vast wilderness features a downright fantastic landscape with picture-perfect cliffs and woods, white quartzite ridges, and azure lakes. There is a place to camp near the Lake George entrance to the park.

There are over 60 islands in Georgian Bay Islands National Park, which is only accessible by boat. There is a campsite at Beausoleil Island, which you can reach by ferry.

Another prime location to take beautiful pictures is Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron, close to Michigan’s UP. Go over the bridge to get to the island from mainland Ontario. Manitoulin Island has gorgeous shores and a number of lakes. The shores of Lake Huron are particularly notable.

Northwest of Ottawa and northeast of Toronto is Algonquin Provincial Park, the oldest provincial park in Canada. It is bigger than Prince Edward Island and very popular. One reason for this is because it’s close to Toronto and Ottawa. There are thousands of lakes and many streams and rivers here. You can reach some of the southern parts of the park via Highway 60. There are a lot of campgrounds and trails in the park as well.

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